Lightning safety: Scottsdale real estate Arizona is a homeowner’s guide to protect home and family during those magnificent light shows that we experience here in the Valley of the Sun.
Although lightning-related fatalities have declined over the past few decades, lightning still claims more lives than tornadoes or hurricanes each year. A lightning bolt can reach temperatures of approximately 50,000-degrees Fahrenheit, which is five times hotter than the sun’s surface, and can travel at speeds up to 90,000 miles per second. These facts make lightning particularly problematic for homeowners in thunderstorm-prone areas.
Lightning is unpredictable and can strike at any time of year during a variety of weather conditions. Your best defense is to be prepared to protect yourself, your home and yard, and vulnerable populations like children, the elderly, and the disabled.
Between 2004 and 2013 there were 22 lightning fatalities in Texas, making it the second highest number after Florida, which had 46 fatalities. Parts of southeast Texas average 50 to 60 days with thunderstorms per year, which frequently occur in the late afternoon and early evening hours during summer. The Gulf Coast has more lightning strikes than anywhere else in Texas; however, the cities of Austin and Dallas see a similar number of lightning strikes each year.
Lightning Safety: Scottsdale Real Estate Arizona
In the U.S. alone, some estimates put lightning losses at over $2 billion in damages each year. Lightning damage affects both homeowners and business owners. According to the National Lightning Safety Institute, 30 percent of businesses suffer lightning losses, costing the U.S. economy $6-7 billion. Lightning also has the potential to cause devastating fires that completely wipe out homes, businesses, and people who stand in the path of destruction.
These days, many communities have emergency warning systems to alert residents about severe storms. Learn about your town’s warning system, and if your town doesn’t have one, talk to your mayor or city councilman.
As a homeowner, it’s important to be prepared in your community and in your home so that you can devise an effective storm survival strategy. The first precautionary step you should take to prepare for an oncoming lightning storm or future lightning storms is to secure your home. These are some things that you can do right now to prepare for potential storms.
Identify the safest place in your home, on the lowest level away from doors and windows, for household members to gather during a storm. You should also create a list of items that you might need in this safe place during a storm. Pack an emergency preparedness kit and place in in a location that everyone will remember. These are some of the most important items to place in your kit:
Homeowner’s Guide to Lightning Safety:
- At least 1 gallon of water per person
- Non-perishable food items
- Extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Cell phone chargers
- Multi-purpose tool
- Emergency contact information
- Battery powered or hand-crank radio
Lightning rods are fixed metal rods or wires that are installed on an exposed part of a building to divert lightning to the ground. Homeowners may want to install these because provide a path of low-resistance from the sky to the ground and protect your home. Contact your local fire department to discuss whether installing lightning rods on your building is a good idea.
Taking Shelter in Your Home
Generally the safest place for you to go during a lightning storm is your own home or a safe building nearby if you are away from home. Postpone any outdoor activities until after the storm has completely ended, because lightning often strikes before rain starts and after it lets up. Unplug all electronic devices at the first indication that a storm is coming.
Mobile homes can often blow over during strong winds, so seek a more stable shelter nearby. When a storm starts, shutter your windows if possible, or at least close your blinds or curtains.
During a Lightning Storm
Although electronic devices may keep your kids occupied and entertained during a storm, you should prohibit the use of plugged-in electronics when thunder and lightning are in the area. Keep a battery-powered TV or radio handy so that you can use these devices instead and keep your kids safe.
Consider playing a few fun card games or board games with your kids during storms while listening to weather updates on the TV or radio.
Don’t punish your kids for being scared of storms, but rather acknowledge the fear and try drown out the noise. These are some other effective strategies for calming down children during storms:
- Build a DIY tent or fort out of sheets and pillows
- Prepare your child’s favorite snack
- Play musical instruments
- Watch favorite cartoons
Preparation for Pets
Not only can humans be struck by lightning, but dogs and other household pets can be too. The records, statistics, and research isn’t as nearly complete for lightning-related pet fatalities as it is for humans, but it is a real possibility that you must be prepared for as a pet owner.
It is never safe for your pets to remain outside during a lightning storm, and outdoor dog houses do not constitute a safe shelter. Dogs that seek shelter under trees or that are chained to metal poles are at an even greater risk of lightning strikes.
Cats that spend time outdoors tend to look for shelter under cars during storms, which is one of the most dangerous places for them to be when lightning strikes. If a car parked outdoors is struck by lightning, outdoor cats could be seriously injured or killed by the conducted electricity through the metal parts.
Don’t wait until the last minute to think about providing shelter and safety for your pet when lightning begins to strike. Decide on a safe location to bring your pets when a storm comes and make sure that all of the enclosures are secure.
Many pets, especially dogs, are fearful of thunderstorms and begin to panic even before the first bolt of lightning strikes. Find a quiet, safe area in your home that your pet will feel comfortable in during storms. You should never force your pet to stay in a designated area during a storm, but make it as inviting and comfortable as you can. Stock the emergency location with blankets, pillows, treats, and toys. Periodically, invite your pet to spend time in the emergency location so that he becomes comfortable with the environment and feels safe and welcome there.
If your pet is especially prone to anxiety during storms, talk to your veterinarian about potential solutions. Prescription medication or herbal remedies may be recommended to ease your pet’s worries during thunder and lightning. Anti-anxiety medication can be taken orally and mixed with food. And finally, make sure that your pet has a microchip in the unlikely event that he escapes during the chaos of a storm.
During a Lightning Storm
Make sure to bring all pets indoors and into a safe place, even dogs that spend most of their time out in the yard. Leave the dog house behind and bring your pet into the safety and security of your home when it begins to lightning. Bring your pet into the safe location that you have been training him to feel comfortable in and reward him with treats and toys for cooperating. Make sure that all doors and pet doors low to the ground are securely shut so that your pet can’t escape to the outdoors during a lightning storm.
If your pet is afraid of storms, use a ThunderShirt or swaddle him/her in a blanket. Comfortable, close-fitting garments can create a calming effect and reduce anxiety for many pets. Gentle grooming and soft music can also calm pets during storms, and many pets feel more comfortable in a dark interior room away from windows.
These are some other helpful tips for distracting your pet during a storm:
- Close all the curtains and blinds
- Set up a plastic crate for the pet to settle in
- Stay by your pet’s side
- Keep pets away from exits so they don’t run away if a door is suddenly opened
If you happen to get stuck outdoors and far from home while out with your pet, there are a few precautions you can take.
- Don’t panic because your pet may sense your anxiety and mirror it
- Seek shelter in an enclosed building nearby
- Walk or carry your pet away from hills, bridges, and large trees
- Keep your pet far away from water sources
- Keep your pet far away from metal fences and electrical wires
Preparation for Seniors
Seniors, especially those with limited mobility, should prepare a first aid kit and storm emergency kit and store them in a place that’s easy to reach and remember. They should also write down a list of emergency contact numbers, including those of adult children, doctors, and neighbors. Even if you know commonly used numbers by heart, they can come in handy when you’re feeling panicked or caught off-guard during a storm.
Seniors should avoid leaving the home during lightning storms and communicate with a trusted network of friends and family to inform of their safety. Work with seniors to plan multiple evacuation routes and keep extra medical supplies on hand in case they are unable to leave the house for a few days. These some foods that don’t require cooking that seniors should stock their pantry with to prepare for storms.
- Cut Green Beans
- Sliced Carrots
- Whole Kernel Corn
- Sweet Peas
- Orange Juice
- Apricot Halves
- Sliced Pears
- Chunk Ham
- White Meat Chicken
- Pork & Beans
- Chunk Light Tuna in Water
- Non-Fat Tuna in Water
- Corn Flakes
During a Lightning Storm
As a senior citizen, you’ve likely seen lots of storms over the years, but it’s still important to take necessary precautions to stay safe. In particular, don’t take a bath, shower, or do any household chores that involve plumbing during a storm, such as washing dishes. Seniors should also avoid using corded telephones during storms in case the storm has caused downed power lines in the vicinity.
For Caretakers of Seniors
If you are responsible for caring for a senior citizen, do your best to keep him/her calm and relaxed during the storm. Make sure that seniors stay away from doors and windows during a storm and avoid using plugged-in electronic devices as much as possible.
If you are a caregiver that lives a significant distance away from your senior, you may feel helpless to protect her during a bad storm. Resist the urge to go out into the storm yourself to be with her unless it is an emergency that requires immediate attention.
Preparation for People with Disabilities
Similarly, people with disabilities should be taught emergency preparedness strategies and practice “storm drills” on a regular basis. If people with disabilities understand the routine for staying safe during storms, they will be more likely to remain calm and take effective action when lightning begins to strike.
In general, it’s important for people with disabilities to establish a supportive network of friends and family to assist them in times of disaster. Be patient with people that have disabilities and explain storm preparedness procedures in terms that can be understood. Write lists and post-it notes to remind them about the precautions they should take when a storm hits, including the following items:
- Necessary medications
- Bottled water
- Non-perishable foods
- Basic first aid supplies
- Fully-charged cell phone
For Caretakers of Disabled People
Caretakers of the disabled should remain calm and ensure that the disabled person stays indoors and away from windows and doors. Ensure that disabled people stay indoors for at least 30 minutes after the last boom of thunder before resuming normal outdoor activities. Books, games, and craft activities can keep everyone occupied and entertained while a storm is happening. These guidelines apply for caretakers who are responsible for people with physical disabilities, mobility issues, Downs Syndrome, Alzheimer’s, autism, and other mental disorders.
If you work in an environment that cares for multiple people with disabilities, employ the “buddy system” and have residents pair up to assist each other. It can also be helpful for people with disabilities to wear a medical alert tag or bracelet that identifies their disability and vital medical information in case they become lost or separated.
Where do Most Strikes Occur?
Most lightning strike injuries and deaths occur when people fail to seek shelter and don’t go inside at the first signs of lightning. These are common places where lightning strikes occur:
- Hills and mountains
- Swimming pools and open water
- Tall isolated trees
- Near fences and metal poles
- Picnic shleters
- Baseball dugouts
No Shelter is Available
If no building shelter is available in your near vicinity, seek shelter in a hard-top vehicle. Although cars are far less safe than buildings, they are safer places to be than outside in the open during a lightning storm. The metal frame of a hard-top vehicle can provide you with some protection. Just don’t lean against or touch any metal parts of the car while sitting inside.
If you are in a forest during a lightning storm, look for a low-lying area with plenty of plant growth and small shrubs. If you are in the wilderness hiking, biking or camping and there are no buildings or vehicles available, always look for the lowest place possible to seek shelter. However, be careful of flash floods if the thunderstorm is accompanied by heavy rain. Never wait out a thunderstorm on a boat or in the water, as these are very common places for lightning strikes.
Scottsdale Emergency Medical Services: 911 Voice
Scottsdale Neighborhood Cleanup Program: 480-312-3111 Voice
Arizona Emergency Response Commission: 602-771-4106 Voice
Scottsdale Emergency Preparedness: 480-312-8000
Source: Much of the information was provided by: Home City Real Estate at http://www.homecity.com/homeowners-lightning-safety-guide
UPDATE: Lightning Strikes 44 Soldiers and Instructors at Army Ranger School | Military.com
All 44 were evacuated to a local hospital, but many were discharged, according to a press release from Fort Benning, Georgia, home of the Airborne and Ranger Training Brigade. Eleven soldiers remained hospitalized Thursday evening, according to a news report.
Lightning Strikes 44 Soldiers and Instructors at Army Ranger School | Military.com
This is the same class that includes two female candidates who are participating in the third and final phase of Ranger School at Camp Rudder at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
All of the lightning-strike victims were males. The group was in day seven of the 10-day training cycle during the so-called “swamp phase.”